Foch, Ferdinand


Foch, Ferdinand
(1851–1929)
   Marshal of France and commander of Entente forces in 1918, Ferdinand Foch joined the French army in 1871. With the onset of World War I, Foch commanded the Ninth Army. During the Battle of the Marne he launched the counterattack. He subsequently led the Northern Army since October 1914 until the Battle of the Somme in the summer of 1916 for which he was sacrificed as a scapegoat. In 1917, Foch was recalled as chief of the general staff. He was given overall command of the Entente forces in March 1918. Foch managed to stop the German advance during spring 1918, mounting the counterattack that turned the tide of the war. Foch accepted the German surrender in November 1918 and played a major advisory role at the Paris Peace Conference.
   FURTHER READING:
    Neiberg, Michael S. Foch: Supreme Allied Commander in the Great War. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, 2003.
   MARTIN MOLL

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Foch, Ferdinand — (1851 1929)    military figure    The commander of the Allied forces on the western front during the later campaigns of World War I, Ferdinand Foch was born in Tarbes and, after being commissioned in the artillery corps (1873), became professor… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Foch, Ferdinand — ► (1851 1929) Mariscal francés. Detuvo a los alemanes en la batalla del Marne y, como jefe del ejército del norte, llevó a cabo las ofensivas de primavera y otoño en Artois (1915) y la del Somme (1916). Antes de iniciada la guerra daba clase de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Ferdinand Foch — [fɔʃ] (* 2. Oktober 1851 in Tarbes im Département Hautes Pyrénées; † 20. März 1929 in Paris) war ein französischer Mar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand Foch — Mariscal de Campo Años de servicio 1870–1923 (53 años) Lealtad …   Wikipedia Español

  • FOCH (F.) — FOCH FERDINAND (1851 1929) maréchal de France Né à Tarbes, il fait de solides études au collège des jésuites de Saint Étienne puis de Metz. Il entre ensuite à l’École polytechnique d’où il sortira en 1873 dans l’artillerie. Foch est admis à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Foch — (Ferdinand) (1851 1929) maréchal de France (août 1918). Adjoint du général en chef Joffre (oct. 1914), chef d état major en 1917, commandant suprême des armées alliées en mars 1918. Acad. fr. (1918) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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