Fashoda Incident


Fashoda Incident
(1898)
   An Anglo-French confrontation that determined the spheres of influence of the French and the British in sub-Saharan Africa and averted the French spread into Sudan and East Africa. Fashoda was a village in the southern Sudan on the White Nile. Its modern name is Kodok. In 1898, a French expedition led by Major Jean- Baptiste Marchand occupied Fashoda, laying claim to the upper Nile for France. An international crisis followed when Anglo-Egyptian forces under H. H . Kitchener reached Fashoda, where he met Marchand and had long discussions with him to settle the matter peacefully. The outcome of the discussions was that the French and Egyptian flags would be flown, and the decision over the Upper Nile would be settled in discussions conducted by the French and British governments. Ultimately, French claims were withdrawn and the area became part of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. The incident left a legacy of anti-British bitterness in France that was not overcome until the Entente Cordiale of 1904.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Lewis, David Levering. The Race to Fashoda: European Colonialism and African Resistance in The Scramble for Africa . New York: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1987;
    Neillands, Robin. The Dervish Wars: Gordon and Kitchener in the Sudan 1880-1898 . London: John Murray Ltd., 1996.
   MOSHE TERDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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