Eckmühl, Battle of


Eckmühl, Battle of
(1809)
   Napoleon Bonaparte ’s victory in Bavaria over the Austrian army under Archduke Charles. After the battle of Abensberg, Marshal Davout’s French Third Corps engaged a reinforced 17,000 strong Austrian IV Korps around the Laiching villages, just west of Eckmühl, eight miles south of Regensburg, on April 21. Napoleon had taken the main French army 18 miles south to Landshut, but turned his troops north. As Davout’s 20,000 men renewed their attack from the west around 2 P.M. on April 22, Napoleon arrived with another 60,000 Franco-German troops. While Davout pinned the Austrian right wing, Napoleon’s troops seized Eckmühl village, crossed the Grosse Laaber River and shattered the Austrian center on the Bettelberg hill. Left unsupported, Rosenberg retreated northwards up the Regensburg road at about 4 P.M.
   FURTHER READING:
    Castle, I. Eckmühl 1809. Oxford: Osprey Military Publishing, 1998.
   DAVID HOLLINS

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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