Delhi, Battle of


Delhi, Battle of
(1803)
   A key battle of the Second Maratha War in India. When war broke out between the Marathas and the British East India Company in August 1803, General Louis Bourquein took command of the French-trained Maratha infantry in north India. Bourquein decided for a battle near Delhi on the bank of the Hindun River, a tributary of the Jamuna. He deployed 100 guns for support of the infantry. To prevent any outflanking move by the company’s cavalry, the two flanks of the Maratha line rested on marshes. When, on September 11, 1803, General Gerald Lake, commander of the company’s force in north India, discovered the Maratha position on the bank of Hindun, his infantry was still half a mile in the rear. Lake needed to buy some time to allow his infantry to come up. So he ordered his cavalry to charge the Maratha line. When the Maratha artillery opened fire, Lake’s cavalry turned back. The Marathas believed that the company’s troops were retiring in confusion and left their entrenchments to come out in pursuit. Lake immediately ordered his cavalry to turn back and charge the Maratha infantry. The Maratha infantry, in their eagerness to attack, had broken ranks. Now they were disordered as a result of the sudden counterattack of Lake’s cavalry. At that juncture, the company’s infantry arrived. As they advanced, Maratha artillery opened up with grape and chain shot. When the infantry advanced within 100 yards of the Maratha artillery line, they bought their muskets at their shoulder level and fired a volley. After firing, they charged with their bayonets at the Marathas who broke and ran. Lake’s army suffered 485 casualties and the Marathas lost more than 1,500 men. The Marathas vacated the fort of Delhi, and on September 15, Lake occupied it without opposition.
   FURTHER READING:
    Cooper, Randolf G. S. The Anglo Maratha Wars and the Contest for India. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
   KAUSHIK ROY

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Delhi — Part of the Second Anglo Maratha War Date 11 September 1803 Location Delhi, Maratha Empire R …   Wikipedia

  • Delhi Travellers — Southern Ontario Junior Hockey League City Delhi, Ontario …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Monte Cassino — Part of World War II, Italian Campaign Ruins of Cassino town after the battle …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Dakar — Part of African Campaigns, World War II Date September 23–September 25, 1940 Location …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Surat — was a land battle that took place on January 5, 1664 near the city of Surat, Gujarat, India between the Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji and the InayatKhan of Mughal. The Marathas defeated the Mughal forces. The battle is known for strategic movement… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Panipat (1761) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Third Battle of Panipat partof=Maratha Empire, Durrani Empire caption= date= 14 January, 1761 place=Panipat, modern day Haryana State,India casus= Maratha occupation of the Punjab Appeal by Muslim intellectuals… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Khanwa — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Khanwa partof= caption= date=1527 CE place= Khanwa, about 60 km west of Agra result=Mughal victory; Babur gains mastery of northern India combatant1=Mughals combatant2=Rajput confederacy… …   Wikipedia

  • Delhi — This article is about the National Capital Territory of India. For the capital city of India, see New Delhi. For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). Delhi दिल्ली …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Panipat (1556) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Battle of Panipat caption= partof=Mughal Wars date=November 5, 1556 (Muharram 2,964 Hijri) place=Panipat, Haryana, India result=Decisive Mughal victory combatant1= combatant2= Suri Dynasty… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Badli-ki-Serai — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Badli ki Serai caption= partof=the Indian rebellion of 1857 date=June 8, 1857 place=six miles west of Delhi, India result=British victory combatant1=flagicon|UK Great Britain combatant2=… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.