Decembrists


Decembrists
(1825)
   A group of Russian nobles who staged a failed coup d’état. During the first half of Alexander I ’s reign, Russia’s educated elite, encouraged by the tsar’s liberal tendencies, had high hopes for the possibility of reform. These intellectuals, many of them military officers, had been educated in the ideas of the Enlightenment. After Napoleon Bonaparte ’s invasion of 1812, many had experienced life in the West during Russia’s subsequent invasion of France and became aware that Russia’s political system and social structure were exceedingly conservative and repressive. When Alexander became more conservative after 1812, they formed secret societies that eventually discussed overthrowing the monarchy. When Alexander died in December 1825, confusion over succession to the throne gave the Decembrists the perfect opportunity to stage their coup. The new tsar, Nicholas I, hesitated but finally used force and crushed the rebellion. Many of the participants were exiled and five were hanged.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Mazour, Anatole G. The First Russian Revolution, 1825 - The Decembrist Movement: Its Origins, Development, and Significance . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937;
    Pomper, Philip. The Russian Revolutionary Intelligentsia . Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1970.
   LEE A. FARROW

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DECEMBRISTS — (Dekabrists), group of revolutionaries in Russia. Drawn from the aristocracy and younger army officers, from 1816 it developed as a secret society and sought to abolish the despotic regime. After the death of Czar alexander i , the group… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Decembrists — n. participant in the unsuccessful conspiracy to overthrow Czar Nicholas I of Russia in December 1825 …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Decembrists Square — or Ploshchad Dekabristov ( ru. Площадь Декабристов) is a historic city square in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It is situated on the bank of the Neva River, in front of Saint Isaac s Cathedral.Until 1925 it was known as Senate Square. In that year it …   Wikipedia

  • Decembrists’ revolt —    In 1825, following the death of Tsar Aleksandr I, a group of Imperial Army officers moved to rebel against Aleksandr’s brother Nicholas, heir to the throne. The plotters, all drawn from the nobility and veterans of the Napoleonic Wars, sought… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Decembrist revolt — Decemberist redirects here. For the rock band, see The Decemberists. For the unfinished Tolstoy novel, see The Decembrists. Decembrist Revolt Decembrists at the Senate Square …   Wikipedia

  • Chernigov Regiment revolt — Part of the Decembrist revolt …   Wikipedia

  • Sergei Petrovich Troubetzkoy — Prince Sergei Petrovich Trubestkoy (29 August 1790 – 22 November 1860) was one of the organizers of the Decembrist movement. Close to Nikita Mikhailovich Muravyov in his views, he was declared the group s leader on the eve of the December 26… …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of the Russian Empire — Armies of Russia Kievan Rus Druzhina (862–1400s) Voyi …   Wikipedia

  • History of Siberia — The history of Siberia may be traced to the sophisticated nomadic civilizations of the Scythians (Pazyryk) and the Xiongnu (Noin Ula), both flourishing before the Christian erahuh. The steppes of South Siberia saw a succession of nomadic empires …   Wikipedia

  • Mikhail Bestuzhev-Ryumin — See also Mikhail Petrovich Bestuzhev Ryumin. Mikhail Bestuzhev Ryumin by A. Ivanovsky. Mikhail Pavlovich Bestuzhev Ryumin (Russian: Михаил Павлович Бестужев Рюмин, June 4 N.S. 1801 – July 25 N.S. 1826) was a Russian officer, one of the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.