David, Jacques Louis
(1748–1825)
   One of the greatest of the French neoclassicist painters. Among his most famous works, the Oath of the Horatii, completed in 1784, idealized the classical virtues of stoicism and masculine patriotism and established a severe yet seductive aesthetic David applied to his support for the French Revolution, most effectively in his Death of Marat painted in 1793. A supporter of Maximilien Robespierre, who voted for the execution of Louis XVI, David was imprisoned by the Directory but saved by the intervention of his estranged wife. Less a committed revolutionary than an avid propagandist for the heroes of his age, David promptly transferred his loyalty to Napoleon Bonaparte after 1799 and produced, in works such as Napoleon Crossing the Saint Bernard and the Sacre de Joséphine, the opulent and romantic image for which the first military genius and tyrant of modern times is remembered. It is, indeed, no exaggeration to say that the subsequent idealized legacy of Bonapartism to French politics was in part the work of David’s brush.
   FURTHER READING:
    Brookner, Anita. Romanticism and Its Discontents. New York: Viking, 2000;
    Honour, Hugh. Neo-Classicism. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1975.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • David, Jacques-Louis — born Aug. 30, 1748, Paris, France died Dec. 29, 1825, Brussels French painter. At 18 he entered the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. In 1775 he went to Rome and became a proponent of the Neoclassical style, but also studied the work of… …   Universalium

  • David, Jacques-Louis — (1748 1825)    painter    Known for introducing the neoclassical style in France, as well as being its leading proponent, Jacques Louis David was born in Paris and studied at the Académie Royale under the rococo painter J. M. Vien. He won the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • David, Jacques-Louis — (1748 1825)    Born in Paris on 30 August 1748, sculptor Jacques Louis David, a regicide in voting for the execution of King Louis XVI, was invited by King William I to the Netherlands, following the Restoration in 1815. He settled in Brussels in …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • David, Jacques-Louis — ► (1748 1825). Pintor francés. Trabajó en Roma (1778 80), donde recibió la influencia de Rafael y el clasicismo renacentista. David participó intensamente en el movimiento revolucionario francés con cuadros como El juramento del Juego de Pelota.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • David,Jacques Louis — Da·vid (dä vēdʹ), Jacques Louis. 1748 1825. French painter known for his classicism and his commitment to the ideals of the French Revolution. His works include The Oath of the Horatii (1785) and The Death of Marat (1793). * * * …   Universalium

  • David, Jacques-Louis — (8/30/1748 Paris 12/29/1825 Brussels) (France)    Painter and draftsman. Trained at the Academie Royale and in the studio of J M Vien. The most prominent figure in the French Neo Classical movement. The sexual adventures of figures from the… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

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  • Jacques-Louis David — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #EEDD82 name = Jacques Louis David imagesize = 200px caption = Self portrait of Jacques Louis David, 1794, Musée du Louvre birthname = Jacques Louis David birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1748|8|30|mf=y location = Paris,… …   Wikipedia

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