- Dalhousie, George Ramsay, Ninth Earl of Dalhousie
- (1770–1838)Governor-general of Canada from 1891 to 1828, Dalhousie served extensively in the Napoleonic wars, rising to the rank of lieutenant-general during the Peninsular campaign. In 1816, he was appointed lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, where his support for nonsectarian education led to the founding of the university that now bears his name, on the model of the University of Edinburgh. Appointed governorgeneral of Canada in 1819, he fell into quarrels with French-Canadian politicians about the prerogatives of the executive and control of finances. His aggressive intervention in a local election led Colonial Secretary William Huskisson to transfer Dalhousie to India, where he served as commander-in-chief of the army.FURTHER READING:McInnis, E. W. Canada A Political and Social History. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970.MARK F. PROUDMAN
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.