Corn Laws
(1804, 1815)
   British statutes that controlled the import and export of grains, the word corn being commonly used to denote a variety of basic food grains. The effect of the tariff on imports was to raise the price of food, but the 1804 law did not raise prohibitive opposition because of Britain’s struggle against the Continental System. The Corn Law of 1815, however, was passed after the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte and was widely viewed as a duty to restrict the import of grain to protect the economic interests of the large landowners who dominated Parliament. Because it guaranteed enormous profits to agriculture while raising the price of food to the wage laborers of an industrializing economy, agitation against the 1815 Corn Law linked industrial interests and workers in a campaign for free trade and greater democracy. With the creation of the Anti-Corn Law League in 1839, Liberal reformers such as Richard Cobden tied their attack on protectionism to demands for both economic and constitutional reforms in Britain itself and in Britain’s trading relationship with its empire.
   FURTHER READING:
    Barnes, Donald Grove. A History of the English Corn Laws, 1660-1846. New York: A. M. Kelly, 1965.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corn laws — Les Corn Laws étaient une série de textes réglementaires adoptés au Royaume Uni entre 1773 et 1815 pour encadrer le commerce des céréales. On désigne cependant le plus souvent par ce terme le dernier de ces textes, le Corn Law Act de 1815, qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Corn laws — Corn Corn, n. [AS. corn; akin to OS. korn, D. koren, G., Dan., Sw., & Icel. korn, Goth. ka[ u]rn, L. granum, Russ. zerno. Cf. {Grain}, {Kernel}.] 1. A single seed of certain plants, as wheat, rye, barley, and maize; a grain. [1913 Webster] 2. The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Corn Laws — n. in England, certain laws imposing heavy duties on the importation of grain, repealed in 1846 * * * n [pl] a set of British laws, first introduced in the Middle Ages, which controlled the import and export of grain in order to protect the price …   Universalium

  • Corn Laws — Corn Laws, the laws in Britain in the 19th century controlling the price of foreign corn, and making it more expensive than corn produced in Britain. This protected British farmers from competition, but hurt the ordinary people, and after much… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Corn Laws — n. in England, certain laws imposing heavy duties on the importation of grain, repealed in 1846 …   English World dictionary

  • Corn Laws — Meeting de l Anti Corn Law League en 1846 Les Corn Laws étaient une série de textes réglementaires adoptés au Royaume Uni entre 1773 et 1815 pour encadrer le commerce des céréales avec l étranger. On désigne cependant le plus souvent par ce terme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Corn Laws — This article is about British Corn Laws. For the British Canadian trading act, see Canada Corn Act. The Corn Laws were trade barriers designed to protect cereal[1] producers in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland against competition… …   Wikipedia

  • Corn Laws — Las Corn Laws fueron aranceles a la importación para apoyar los precios del grano británico doméstico contra la competencia de importaciones extranjeras más baratas, mismos que estuvieron vigentes entre 1815 y 1846. En este uso y a lo largo de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corn Laws — Die Corn Laws (dt. Korngesetze) waren Gesetze im Großbritannien des 19. Jahrhunderts, mit denen durch hohe Einfuhrzölle und Einfuhrverbote auf Getreide die einheimische Landwirtschaft protegiert wurde. Die Gesetze wurden eingeführt, nachdem durch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • corn laws — A species of protective tariff formerly in existence in England, imposing import duties on various kinds of grain. The corn laws were abolished in 1846 …   Black's law dictionary

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