Afrikaners
   Afrikaners were the descendants of European settlers, mostly of Dutch origin, who established a unique society, culture, and language in southern Africa beginning with their arrival in 1652. In the ensuing half century, they expanded their settlements from the coast as far as 250 miles inland. Within a few years of their arrival on the new continent, they began the importation of slaves. Huguenot refugees from France arrived at the Cape in 1688, followed by Germans and others from largely Protestant European states. The settlers were later known as “Boers,” the Dutch word for “farmers,” a designation applied to those who left Cape Colony on the Great Trek to establish independent republics in the African hinterland. They fought two major conflicts with the British Empire in the Anglo-Boer Wars 1880–81 and 1899–1902, with the result that the Orange Free State and the Transvaal formed parts of the Union of South Africa in 1910. The term Boer was replaced in the twentieth century with the term Afrikaner , which simply means a person who speaks the Afrikaans language.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Omer-Cooper, J. D. A History of Southern Africa. Oxford: James Currey Publishers, 1997.
   GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afrikaners — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Afrikaner. Afrikaners Andries Pretorius • Jan Smuts • Charlize Theron …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Afrikaners —    Descendants of Dutch settlers who began arriving in South Africa in 1652, Afrikaners constitute the majority of the white Christian population of that country. Their Reformed faith has spread to many in the black population as well.    From a… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Afrikaners — noun Plural of Afrikaner …   Wiktionary

  • Afrikaners — Af·ri kan·er || ‚æfrɪ kɑːndÉ™(r) n. native of South Africa with Dutch ancestry; one who speaks Afrikaans …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners — The Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners (Afrikaans for Society of Real Afrikaners ) was formed on 14 August 1875 in the town of Paarl by a group of Afrikaans speakers from the Western Cape region. From 15 January 1876 the society published a journal… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Afrikaners — This is a list of notable historic and contemporary Afrikaners: Voortrekkers * Hendrik Biebouw The first person to be recorded referring to himself as an Afrikaner. * Andries Hendrik Potgieter Voortrekker leader * Andries Pretorius Voortrekker… …   Wikipedia

  • Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners — Die Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners (afrikaans für ‚Gemeinschaft der echten Afrikaaner‘) wurde am 14. August 1875 im Haus von Gideon Malherbe in Paarl mit dem Ziel gegründet, Afrikaans auch als Schriftsprache zu etablieren. Gründungsmitglieder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Genootskap vir Regte Afrikaners — Die Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners (Gemeinschaft der echten Afrikaaner) wurde am 14. August 1875 im Haus von Gideon Malherbe in Paarl mit dem Ziel gegründet, Afrikaans auch als Schriftsprache zu etablieren. Gründungsmitglieder waren der Lehrer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans, Afrikaners —    The first is a language, the second a group of people …   Dictionary of troublesome word

  • Afrikaans, Afrikaners —    The first is a language, the second a group of people …   Dictionary of troublesome word

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