Cochin China


Cochin China
   Nam Ky`, the southernmost region of contemporary Vietnam, was named Cochinchine by the French, who in 1858 occupied Da Nang on the coast to the north and from there moved southward. By early 1859, French forces occupied Saigon, and in 1862 the emperor of Annam ceded his provinces around the Mekong Delta. In 1867, these new possessions became officially France’s new colony of Cochin China. In the wake of the sudden absence of the Annamite officials, French naval officers were forced to improvise an administrative apparatus, so they established a school for training staff from France in the customs of the country. After France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, however, the Third Republic abolished this system and replaced the naval staff with civil governors who made no attempt to learn the local language. French republican law was also imposed with ideological fervor, and its stress on individual liberty in a society constructed around the family unit was highly, and unnecessarily, disruptive.
   In 1881, Cochin China was given the authority to elect a local deputy, but some of the administration and much of the commerce in the province were conducted by subject peoples of other French colonies. Despite the offense given to a local population thus doubly subjugated, Cochin China’s fertile soil enabled the colony to generate sufficient revenue to make it financially independent of France.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Chapius, Oscar. A History of Vietnam: From Hong Bang to Tu Duc. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995;
    Power, Thomas F. Jules Ferry and the Renaissance of French Imperialism. New York: King’s Crown Press, 1944;
    Wesseling, H.L. The European Colonial Empires 1815-1919. New York: Pearson Education, 2004.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cochin-china — old name of a region and French colony in southern Vietnam, from Fr. Cochin China, from Portuguese corruption of Ko chen, of uncertain meaning; the China added to distinguish it from the town and port of Cochin in southwest India, the name of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cochin China — historic region and former French colony in SE Indochina: the S part of Vietnam * * * French Cochinchine Region, southern Vietnam. Covering 30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), the area was a vassal of the Chinese empire and later part of the Khmer… …   Universalium

  • Cochin China — historic region and former French colony in SE Indochina: the S part of Vietnam …   English World dictionary

  • COCHIN-CHINA —    (2,034), the region E. of the Mekong, or Annam proper, called HIGH COCHIN CHINA (capital Hué), and LOW COCHIN CHINA    a State S. of Indo China, and S. of Cambodia and Annam; belonging to France, with an unhealthy climate; rice the chief crop; …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • cochin china — noun Asian breed of large fowl with dense plumage and feathered legs • Syn: ↑cochin • Hypernyms: ↑domestic fowl, ↑fowl, ↑poultry * * * noun see cochin 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cochin-China — Karte der südlichen Expansion Vietnams von 900 bis 1760 Cochinchina, auch Kotschinchina, frz. Cochinchine, ist eine alte Bezeichnung für den Süden Vietnams und Teile des östlichen Kambodschas, zwischen 1863 und 1954 vor allem für die französische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cochin China — geographical name region S Vietnam bordering on South China Sea & Gulf of Thailand area 29,974 square miles (77,932 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cochin-China — /koh chin chuy neuh, koch in /, n. a former state in S French Indochina: now part of Vietnam. French, Cochinchine /kaw shaonn sheen /. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cochin China — noun formerly a region comprising southern Vietnam and part of Cambodia …   Wiktionary

  • Cochin China — n. region in Vietnam which was formerly a state in south French Indochina …   English contemporary dictionary

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