Cleveland, Grover


Cleveland, Grover
(1837–1908)
   Because he served two nonconsecutive terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897), Grover Cleveland is considered the 22nd and 24th President of the United States. He was born Stephen Grover Cleveland on March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey. A Democrat in a Republican age, Cleveland nonetheless had a meteoric rise from mayoralty of Buffalo, New York to the presidency within four years. A courageous and upright man, he believed in the call of conscience in handling the external affairs of the nation. He opposed the rising imperialist sentiment in the country, and in his second term refused the annexation of Hawaii. He was against assigning Hawaii the status of a protectorate, doubting that the U.S. Constitution could be made to work for a non-Caucasian society so far away, yet saw islands as an ideal location for a naval base to help defend the Pacific Coast. In the Venezuela-British Guiana boundary dispute of 1895, Cleveland applied the Monroe Doctrine, a bellicose turn that annoyed the British government yet ultimately led it to agree to arbitration. Cleveland died in Princeton on June 24, 1908.
   FURTHER READING:
    Ford, Henry Jones. The Cleveland Era: A Chronicle of the New Order in Politics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1919;
    Welch, Richard E. The Presidencies of Grover Cleveland. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988.
   PATIT PABAN MISHRA

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Cleveland, Grover — ▪ president of United States in full  Stephen Grover Cleveland   born March 18, 1837, Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S. died June 24, 1908, Princeton, New Jersey  22nd and 24th president of the United States (1885–89 and 1893–97) and the only president… …   Universalium

  • CLEVELAND, GROVER —    President of the United States, born in New Jersey, son of a Presbyterian minister; bred for the bar; became President in the Democratic interest in 1885; unseated for his free trade leaning by Senator Harrison, 1889; became the President a… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Cleveland, Frances — ▪ American first lady née  Frances Folsom , also called (1913–47)  Frances Cleveland Preston  born July 21, 1864, Buffalo, New York, U.S. died October 29, 1947, Baltimore, Maryland  American first lady (1886–89; 1893–97), the wife of Grover… …   Universalium

  • Grover Cleveland Alexander — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alexander. Cleveland Grover Alexander …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grover Cleveland — noun 22nd and 24th President of the United States (1837 1908) • Syn: ↑Cleveland, ↑Stephen Grover Cleveland, ↑President Cleveland • Instance Hypernyms: ↑President of the United States, ↑United States President, ↑President, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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