- Chaumont, Treaty of
- (1814)A treaty concluded between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Britain on March 9, 1814, during the campaign in France against Napoleon. By its terms, the Emperor Francis I of Austria, Tsar Alexander I of Russia, King Frederick William III of Prussia, and Lord Castlereagh, the British Foreign Secretary, offered Napoleon peace terms that would provide France with her pre-1792 borders in exchange for a general cease fire. If these terms were rejected, the Allies agreed among themselves to pursue the war to a successful conclusion, with each partner supplying at least 100,000 men and promising not to conclude a separate peace with the enemy. Napoleon, who was only weeks away from final defeat, rejected the Chaumont terms, thus discarding the last opportunity to retain his throne through negotiation.See also <
>; < >.FURTHER READING:Kissinger, Henry. A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812-1822. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957;Nicholson, Harold. The Congress of Vienna: A Study in Allied Unity, 1812-1822. New York: Viking Press, 1946;Ross, Steven T. European Diplomatic History, 1789-1815: France against Europe . Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1969;Webster, Sir Charles. The Foreign Policy of Castlereagh, 1812-1815: Britain and the Reconstruction of Europe . London: G. Bell and Sons, 1963.GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.