Cavour, Count Camillo Benso di


Cavour, Count Camillo Benso di
(1810–1861)
   Italian statesman and prime minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont (1852–60) and the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. Cavour was a Piedmontese aristocrat who became the leading statesman of Italian unification. In 1847, he started a respected patriotic journal, Il Risorgimento, which brought him to the attention of the government. During the revolutionary outbursts of 1848, it was Cavour who urged King Charles Albert to not only promulgate a constitution but also lead a national struggle for liberation. The war failed, but the new king, Victor Emmanuel II, remained steadfast to unification and constitutionalism, and asked Cavour to become Prime Minister in 1852. Despite his idealism, Cavour was a realist prepared to lead his country to a new nation. Cavour immediately recognized that no amount of reform would prevent Austria from defeating Piedmont unless he had an alliance with another Great Power. He seized the opportunity to do so by aiding the Allies during the Crimean War. Afterward in July 1858, he concluded a secret alliance with Napoleon III and manipulated the Austrians into declaring war in April 1859. By July the Allies had control over most of northern and western Italy, but the cities in central Italy revolted and received protection from the armies of Piedmont. In the south, Cavour permitted Giuseppe Garibaldi to seize Sicily and Naples. When the war concluded, all of these territories except for Rome and the Venetia were annexed to Piedmont and approved by plebiscite. On March 17, 1861, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed, with Turin as its capital. Cavour died on June 6 having created modern Italy.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Hearder, Harry. Italy in the Age of the Risorgimento 1790-1870. New York: Longman, 1983.
   FREDERICK H. DOTOLO

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CAVOUR, COUNT CAMILLO BENSO DE —    one of the greatest of modern statesmen, born the younger son of a Piedmontese family at Turin; entered the army, but was precluded from a military career by his liberal opinions; retired, and for 16 years laboured as a private gentleman to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour — For the aircraft carrier, see Cavour (550). For the battleship, see Italian battleship Conte di Cavour. Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour 1st Prime Minister of Italy In office …   Wikipedia

  • Cavour, Camillo Benso, conte di (count of) — ▪ Piedmontese statesman Introduction born August 10, 1810, Turin, Piedmont, French Empire died June 6, 1861, Turin, Italy  Piedmontese statesman, a conservative whose exploitation of international rivalries and of revolutionary movements brought… …   Universalium

  • Cavour, Camillo Benso, count di — born Aug. 10, 1810, Turin, Piedmont, French Empire died June 6, 1861, Turin, Italy Italian statesman, leading figure of the Risorgimento. Influenced by revolutionary ideas from an early age, he traveled to Paris and London and in 1847 founded the …   Universalium

  • Cavour — or similar may refer to: * Cavour (comune) in Italy * Count Camillo Benso di Cavour * Italian aircraft carrier Cavour * the Italian dreadnought Conte di Cavour * Cavor is a character in The First Men in the Moon …   Wikipedia

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Italian battleship Conte di Cavour — Conte di Cavour was an Italian Conte di Cavour class battleship, that served in the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. It was named after the Italian statesman Count Camillo Benso di Cavour.Construction and first yearsBuilt to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Grinzane Cavour — Infobox CityIT img coa = Grinzane Cavour Stemma.png official name = Comune di Grinzane Cavour name = Grinzane Cavour region = Piedmont province = Cuneo (CN) elevation m = area total km2 = 3.7 population as of = Dec. 2004All demographics and other …   Wikipedia

  • Turin — For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). Torino redirects here. For other uses, see Torino (disambiguation). Turin Torino   Comune   Comune di Torino …   Wikipedia

  • Turín — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.