Carlsbad Decrees


Carlsbad Decrees
(1819)
   Measures agreed at an August 1819 conference of ministers from Austria, Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, Württemberg, Hanover, Baden, Mecklenburg, Saxe- Weimar- Eisenach, and electoral Hesse that took place at Carlsbad (German spelling: Karlsbad; Czech spelling: Karlovy Vary). The meeting at the Bohemian spa was summoned at the behest of Austria’s foreign minister Klemens Prince von Metternich to discuss measures to be taken by the German Confederation against nationalist and liberal organizations and opinion leaders in Germany. The assassination of the dramatist August Kotzebue by a radical student offered an opportunity to persuade the governments of many German states to approve to harsh methods of repression. Uniform censorship of periodical publications, the dissolution of student clubs, liberal and nationalist Burschenschaften , and a central commission to investigate radical activities were agreed in Carlsbad and a few weeks later by the representatives of the German states at Frankfurt. The Carlsbad Decrees became synonymous with the suppression of freedom of speech and an anti-liberal policy of the German states.
   FURTHER READING:
    Blackbourn, David. A History of Germany, 1780-1918. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003;
    Jarausch, Konrad H. Students, Society and Politics in Imperial Germany. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982.
   GUENTHER KRONENBITTER

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carlsbad Decrees — resolutions adopted by the ministers of nine German states at a meeting called at Carlsbad in 1819 by Prince Metternich: aim was the suppression of revolutionary activities esp. in the universities. * * * (Aug. 6–31, 1819) Resolutions issued by… …   Universalium

  • Carlsbad Decrees — The Carlsbad Decrees were a set of social restrictions introduced in the German Confederation by Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich on 20 September 1819 after a conference in Karlsbad, Bohemia, then part of the Austrian Empire. This meeting was …   Wikipedia

  • Carlsbad Decrees — resolutions adopted by the ministers of nine German states at a meeting called at Carlsbad in 1819 by Prince Metternich: aim was the suppression of revolutionary activities esp. in the universities …   Useful english dictionary

  • Carlsbad — or Karlsbad is a German placename meaning Charles s spa .Localities called Carlsbad or Karlsbad include: * Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, also known in English as Carlsbad ** Carlsbad Decrees, anti liberal restrictions introduced in 1819 for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Carlsbad — /ˈkalzbæd/ (say kahlzbad) noun a town in the Czech Republic in the western part; mineral springs; Carlsbad decrees, 1819. Czech, Karlovy Vary. German, Karlsbad …   Australian English dictionary

  • Karlovy Vary — /kahr leuh vee vahr ee/; Czech. /kahrdd law vi vah rddi/ a city in W Czech Republic: mineral springs; Carlsbad Decrees (1819). 60,950. German, Karlsbad. Formerly, Carlsbad. * * * German Karlsbad or Carlsbad City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 53,857),… …   Universalium

  • Germans in Czechoslovakia (1918–1938) — See also History of Czechoslovakia (1918–1938) From 1918 to 1938, several million ethnic Germans lived in Czechoslovakia as their home was made part of that new state against their will. Since the 14th Century (and in some areas from the 12th… …   Wikipedia

  • Sudeten Germans — This article is part of the article Czechoslovakia Contents 1 Importance of Sudeten Germans 2 Policies affecting Sudeten Germans 3 Politics of Sudeten Germans …   Wikipedia

  • Karlovy Vary — Geobox | settlement name = Karlovy Vary native name = other name = other name1 = category = Town etymology = official name = motto = nickname = image caption = flag border = 1 symbol = Karlovy Vary COA.svg country = Czech Republic country state …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of Germany — Name Bundesflagge und Handelsflagge Use Civil and state flag and civil ensign …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.