Aehrenthal, Aloys Lexa von
(1854–1912)
   Aloys Lexa von Aehrenthal was an Austro-Hungarian foreign minister. Born in September 1854 in Gross-Skal, Bohemia, Aehrenthal started his career at the foreign service of the Habsburg monarchy in 1877 and served in the Foreign Office and as envoy to Romania. In 1899, he became ambassador to Russia. Seven years later he was appointed as foreign minister, launched a policy of strengthening Austria- Hungary’s position in the Balkans, and initiated the unilateral Habsburg annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Aehrenthal thereby provoked the Annexation Crisis of 1908–1909 as a consequence of which relations with Russia and Serbia were severely strained while Austria-Hungary seemed diplomatically isolated and completely dependent on German support.
   Aehrenthal tried to improve relations with Italy and to gain more leeway in international affairs but died of leukemia in February 1912, his visions of stronger Austria-Hungary unfulfilled. It was his successor, Count Berchtold, who had to face the dramatic decline of the security situation in the Balkans in 1912.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Albertini, Luigi. The Origins of the War of 1914. Translated by Isabella M. Massey. New York: Enigma, 2005.
   GUENTHER KRONENBITTER

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aehrenthal, Aloys, Count Lexa von — born Sept. 27, 1854, Gross Skal, Bohemia died Feb. 17, 1912, Vienna, Austria Hungary Austro Hungarian diplomat. As foreign minister of Austria Hungary (1906–12), he aggressively revived the empire s dormant foreign policy. His proclamation of the …   Universalium

  • Aehrenthal, Aloys, conde Lexa von — (27 sep. 1854, Gross Skal, Bohemia–17 feb. 1912, Viena, Austria Hungría). Diplomático austrohúngaro. Como ministro de relaciones exteriores de Austria Hungría (1906–12), reanimó agresivamente la política exterior del imperio. Su proclamación de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Count Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal — Alois Lexa von Ährenthal in 1910 Count Alois Lexa von Ährenthal (September 27, 1854 – February 17, 1912) was an Austrian diplomat who engineered the Bosnian crisis of 1908. Born in Gross Skal, Bohemia (now Hrubá Skála, Czech Republic),[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal — Alois Lexa Freiherr von Aehrenthal (Baron, ab 1909 Graf, * 27. September 1854 im Schloss Hrubá Skála, Groß Skal, Böhmen; † 17. Februar 1912 in Wien) war ein österreichisch ungarischer Politiker, der 1906 bis 1912 k. u. k. Außenminister war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal — Alois Lexa von Ährenthal Alois Lexa von Ährenthal, né à Gross Skal (Bohème) le 27 septembre 1854 et mort à Vienne (Autriche) le 17 février 1912, est un diplomate autrichien, artisan de la crise bosniaque de 1908. Diplomate autrichien, il commença …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal — Count Alois Lexa von Ährenthal (September 27, 1854 February 17, 1912) was an Austrian diplomat who engineered the Bosnian crisis of 1908.Born in Gross Skal, Bohemia (now Hrubá Skála, Czech Republic), he entered the diplomatic service of the… …   Wikipedia

  • von — /von/; Ger. /fawn/, unstressed /feuhn/, prep. from; of (used in German and Austrian personal names, originally to indicate place of origin and later to indicate nobility): Paul von Hindenburg. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold… …   Universalium

  • Stammliste von Mansfeld — Regenten und Linien der Grafen von Mansfeld Grafen von Mansfeld Alt Mansfelder Stamm Hoyer I. ( † nach 1069) Hoyer II. (I.) ( † 1115) Hoyer III. (II.) ( † nach 1157) Hoyer IV. (III.) (* vor 1140; † nach 1183) Burchard I. ( † 1229) (1229… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berchtold, Leopold, count von — born April 18, 1863, Vienna, Austria died Nov. 21, 1942, near Csepreg, Hung. Austro Hungarian politician. One of the richest men in Austria Hungary, he entered the diplomatic service in 1893 and became foreign minister in 1912. After the… …   Universalium

  • Mitrofan Martschenko — Mitrofan Konstantinowitsch Martschenko (* 3. November 1866[1]; † 7. August 1932 in Paris), ein zaristisch russischer Offizier, war von 1905 bis 1910 Militärattaché in Wien und damit quasi „Einsatzleiter“ der russischen Spionage gegen Österreich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”