Cambodia


Cambodia
   The home of the Khmer Empire from the ninth to the thirteenth centuries and after the seventeenth century the object of rival Siamese and Vietnamese claims until the penetration of Indochina by France in the 1850s. Cambodia became a French protectorate in 1863. The protectorate retained limited Cambodian autonomy along with traditional administrative structures yet privatized land ownership, reformed the tax system, and encouraged commerce. Only in 1897 was the Cambodian king stripped of all power and his authority transferred to ministers who met at the pleasure of the French resident. With French aid Cambodia was able to recover three lost provinces from Siam in 1907.
   See also <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Chandler, David. A History of Cambodia. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1983.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cambodia — [kam bō′dē ə] country in the S Indochinese Peninsula: a French protectorate from 1863 until independence, 1954: 69,898 sq mi (181,035 sq km); pop. 5,756,000; cap. Phnom Penh: also, formerly, sometimes known as Kampuchea Cambodian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Cambodia — /kam boh dee euh/, n. a republic in SE Asia: formerly part of French Indochina. 11,163,861; 69,866 sq. mi. (180,953 sq. km). Cap.: Phnom Penh. Formerly, People s Republic of Kampuchea, Khmer Republic. * * * Cambodia Introduction Cambodia… …   Universalium

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  • Cambodia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Cambodia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and… …   The World Factbook

  • Cambodia — noun a nation in southeastern Asia; was part of Indochina under French rule until 1946 (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑Kingdom of Cambodia, ↑Kampuchea • Derivationally related forms: ↑Kampuchean (for: ↑Kampuchea), ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cambodia — noun A country in Southeast Asia. Official name: Kingdom of Cambodia. Former name: Kampuchea …   Wiktionary

  • Cambodia —  has been variously known in recent decades as the Khmer Republic, Democratic Kampuchea, and the People’s Republic of Kampuchea, but in 1989 it resumed its historical name of Cambodia …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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