Brazza, Pierre Paul Francois Camille Savorgnan de
(1852–1905)
   A Franco-Italian naval officer, explorer, and colonial official in Equatorial Africa. Although born into an Italian noble family, he enrolled in the French naval academy in Brest and became a French citizen in 1874. Because of the success of his 1874–1878 exploration of the Gabon and Ogoue Rivers, in 1879 the French government sent de Brazza on a mission to thwart Belgian efforts, led by Henry Morton Stanley, to annex the entire Congo River basin. Over the next three years, de Brazza explored portions of the Upper Congo and established a French protectorate centered around the newly created settlement of Brazzaville. After a brief return to France, he served as Governor-General of the French Congo from 1886 to 1897. De Brazza died in Dakar, Senegal in 1905 shortly after completing an investigation into allegations of African exploitation commissioned by the French government.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Carbonnier, Jeanne. Congo Explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, 1852-1905 . New York: Scribner, 1960;
    West, Richard. Brazza of the Congo: European Exploration and Exploitation in French Equatorial Africa . London: Cape, 1972.
   KENNETH J. OROSZ

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brazza, Pierre (-Paul-François-Camille) Savorgnan de — born Jan. 26, 1852, near Rome [Italy] died Sept. 14, 1905, Dakar, Seneg., French West Africa French explorer and colonial administrator. Born to Italian nobility in Brazil, he joined the French navy. In 1875–78 he explored the Ogooué River (in… …   Universalium

  • Brazza, Pierre (-Paul-François-Camille) Savorgnan de — (16 ene. 1852, cerca de Roma [Italia] –14 sep. 1905, Dakar, Senegal, África Occidental Francesa). Explorador y funcionario colonial francés. Nacido de una familia noble italiana establecida en Brasil, se incorporó a la armada de Francia y se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre savorgnan de brazza — Savorgnan de Brazza Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza dans son costume « indigène », photographié par Félix Nadar. Nom de naissa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Savorgnan de Brazza — Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza Savorgnan de Brazza Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza dans son costume « indigène », photographié par Félix Nadar. Nom de naissa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza — photographed by Paul Nadar. Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà, best known as Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza (Castel Gandolfo (Rome), January 26, 1852 Dakar September 14, 1905), was a Franco Italian explorer, born in Italy and… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza — Imagen de de Brazza por Nadar. Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà más conocido por su nombre francés Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza (Castelgandolfo, 26 de enero de 1852 – Dakar, 14 de septiembre de 1905) fue un explorador de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brazza, Pierre de — ▪ French explorer in full  Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza  born Jan. 26, 1852, near Rome died Sept. 14, 1905, Dakar, Senegal, French West Africa [Senegal]       Italian born French explorer and colonial administrator who founded …   Universalium

  • Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza — Photographie de De Brazza par Paul Nadar. Nom de naissance Pietro Paolo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camille — [kə mil′əkə mēl′; ] Fr [ kȧ mē′y ] n. 〚Fr < L camilla, virgin of unblemished character〛 a feminine name: also Camilla [kə mil′ə] * * * (as used in expressions) Brazza Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Chamoun Camille Nimer Chautemps …   Universalium

  • François — (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet François Marie Arouet Babeuf François Noë l Barras Paul François Jean Nicolas viscount de Bichat Marie François Xavier Blanchard Jean Pierre François Boieldieu François Adrien Boucher François… …   Universalium

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