Botha, Louis
(1862–1919)
   A Boer general and statesman, Louis Botha was a political moderate who was elected to the parliament ( Volksraad ) of the Transvaal. He opposed war with Great Britain yet joined the Transvaal army when war came and ultimately became commander-in-chief of the Boer forces in the Second Boer War (1899–1902). He was initially second in command and later in charge of the Boer forces at Ladysmith, was largely responsible for Boer successes at Colenso, Spion Kop, and Val Kranz, and then led an 18-month guerrilla campaign when the war turned in Britain’s favor. When the Boer cause was lost, Botha proved as able a negotiator as a soldier. He attended the peace conference and signed the Treaty of Vereeniging. After becoming premier of the Transvaal in 1907, he represented the new British possession at Imperial Conferences and promoted reconciliation between Boers and the British in the Cape Colony. A loyal British subject, he became the first premier of the South African Union in 1910, put down a pro-German Boer rebellion in 1914, and then led Empire troops to victory in German Southwest Africa in 1915.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Packenham, Thomas. The Boer War. New York: Random House, 1979;
    Spencer, Harold. General Botha: The Career and the Man. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1916.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Botha, Louis — born Sept. 27, 1862, near Greytown, Natal [South Africa] died Aug. 27, 1919, Pretoria, Transvaal First prime minister (1910–19) of the Union of South Africa. Botha was elected to the South African Republic s parliament in 1897, where he sided… …   Universalium

  • Botha,Louis — Bo·tha (bōʹtə, tä ), Louis. 1862 1919. South African general in the Boer War (1899 1902) and first prime minister of the Union of South Africa (1910 1919). * * * …   Universalium

  • Botha, Louis — ► (1862 1919) General y político sudafricano. Durante la guerra de 1899 1902, mandó como general en jefe las fuerzas bóers y obtuvo las victorias de Ladysmith y Colenso. Presidió el primer Gabinete autónomo del Transvaal y la Unión Sudafricana. * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Botha — Botha, Louis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Louis Botha — Louis Botha, vor 1915 Louis Botha (* 27. September 1862 in Greytown, Kolonie Natal; † 27. August 1919 in Pretoria) war ein südafrikanischer Politiker, General im Zweiten Burenkrieg und erster Premierminister der Südafrikanischen Union …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Botha — Botha, Louis, Burengeneral, geb. 27. Sept. 1862 als Sohn eines »Voortrekkers« aus franz. Geschlecht und einer holländ. Afrikanerin (van Rooijen), kämpfte 1884 unter den Freiwilligen, die sich in den Zulukriegen Land erwarben, und war dort bis… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Botha — (Louis) (1862 1919) général et homme politique sud africain. Commandant en chef de l armée des Boers (1899 1902), il fut Premier ministre du Transvaal (1907 1910), puis de l Union sud africaine (1910 1919). Botha (Pieter Willem) (né en 1916)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Botha — Botha, Louis, Burenführer, geb. 1864 in Greytown (Natal), 1888 Mitglied des Volksraads der Südafrik. Republik, im Südafrik. Kriege zuerst Adjutant Lukas Meyers, dann Kommandant der Belagerungsarmee vor Ladysmith, schlug die Engländer bei Colenso… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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