Act of Union
(1801)
   Passed in 1800 by the administration of William Pitt the Younger in reaction to the Irish rebellion of 1798, the Act of Union created a unitary state with a single Parliament on the model of the Scottish union of 1707, from what had been the two formally separate states sharing a single monarch.
   If Ireland is seen as the first British colony, then the Act of Union represented the only attempt in British history to solve the problem of colonial government by directly absorbing the colony into the metropolitan political system. Although the Union was apparently successful in the short term, many - although by no means all - Irish were never happy with their formally equal, but in many ways subordinate, status in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. As Catholic emancipation and the reforms of the nineteenth century enfranchised the Catholic majority in Ireland, pressure for Irish self-government, or Home Rule, grew.
   FURTHER READING:
    Foster, R. F. Modern Ireland. London: Allen Lane, 1988.
   MARK F. PROUDMAN

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Act of Union — may be an act that refers to:In the United Kingdom: * Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, passed by the Parliament of England, annexing Wales to the Kingdom of England are sometimes known as the Acts of Union . *Act of Union 1652‎, (more commonly known …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Union — Union Un ion (?; 277), n. [F., from L. unio oneness, union, a single large pearl, a kind of onion, fr. unus one. See {One}, and cf. {Onion}, {Unit}.] 1. The act of uniting or joining two or more things into one, or the state of being united or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Act of Union — steht für: Act of Union 1536 1542, ein überholter Sprachgebrauch für die Einbeziehung von Wales in den Rechtsraum von England Act of Union 1707, eine gesetzliche Vereinbarung zwischen England und Schottland Act of Union 1800, eine gesetzliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Union — (in Britain) either of two Acts of Parliament. The first Act of Union, in 1707, officially joined England and Scotland as one kingdom, called Great Britain, ruled by the parliament in London. The second Act of Union, in 1800, added Ireland to… …   Universalium

  • Act of Union — Act of U|nion, the 1.) the agreement that joined the parliaments of England and Scotland in 1707 2.) the agreement that ended the Irish parliament in 1800 and made Ireland part of the United Kingdom in 1801 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Act of Union — Often referred to as the Articles of Union, being the agreement, containing twenty five articles, which in 1707 was entered into between the kingdoms of England and Scotland, whereby these two kingdoms were united into one kingdom by the name of… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • act of union —  Акт единства …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Act of Union 1800 — The phrase Act of Union 1800 (or sometimes Act of Union 1801) ( ga. Acht an Aontais 1800) is used to describe two complementary Acts [ [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/SearchResults.aspx?TYPE=QS Title=union Year=1800 Number= LegType=All+Legislation… …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1707 — Georgskreuz (England) Andreaskreuz (Schottland) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Union 1840 — The Act of Union (3 4 Vict. c. 35) passed in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841, abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and established a new political entity, the Province of Canada to replace them. This act… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”