Bechuanaland
   The British name for Botswana, a land-locked territory of southern Africa dominated by the Kalahari Desert and home of the indigenous Tswana people, whom the British called the Bechuana. The Great Trek of the Boer settlers northward put the Tswana at risk of losing their land, but when the Boers declared a protectorate over the region the British forced the Boers out in 1885. Cecil Rhodes secured a royal charter for the British South Africa Company in Bechuanaland in 1889, and in 1891 London declared the Bechuanaland Protectorate under the jurisdiction of the high commissioner for South Africa. The various Tswana tribes applied to London for the recovery of their autonomy, and the five major tribes were granted reserves within which they governed themselves while paying taxes to Britain for protection.
   FURTHER READING:
    Were, Gideon S. A History of South Africa. London: Evans Brothers, 1982.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bechuanaland — bezeichnet: ein ehemaliges britisches Protektorat im südlichen Afrika, siehe Betschuanaland eine ehemalige britische Kronkolonie im südlichen Afrika, siehe Britisch Betschuanaland Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bechuanaland — protectorat britannique de 1865 à 1966, date de son accession à l indépendance sous le nom de Botswana …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bechuanaland —   [betʃʊ ɑːnəlænd, englisch], das Betschuanaland …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bechuanaland — [bech΄o͞o än′ə land΄] former British territory (1884 1966) in S Africa: now the country of BOTSWANA …   English World dictionary

  • Bechuanaland — Protectorat du Bechuanaland Protectorat du Bechuanaland Bechuanaland Protectorate en 1885   1966 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Béchuanaland — Botswana Lefatshe la Botswana (tn) Republic of Botswana (en) République du Botswana …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bechuanaland — geographical name 1. region S Africa N of Orange River & including Kalahari Desert & Okavango Swamps 2. see Botswana 3. (or British Bechuanaland) former British colony in the region S of the Molopo; became part of Union of South Africa 1895 •… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bechuanaland — /bech ooh ah neuh land , bek yooh /, n. former name of Botswana. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bechuanaland — noun A former name of what is now Botswana, used until 1966 …   Wiktionary

  • Bechuanaland —  Former name of Botswana …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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