Basutoland
   Basutoland, a mountainous area of South Africa conforming to the borders of present-day Lesotho, is the home of the Basotho people. Moshweshwe I created the Basotho nation from various remnant tribes of the early nineteenth century Lifaqane. The Boers attempted to engage the Basotho against British encroachment, but the Basotho correctly gauged the balance of power in South Africa and sought the protection of the British Crown, receiving it from Victoria I in 1868. Over Basotho objections, the British handed Basutoland over to the Cape Colony in 1871. When fighting broke out with the Xhosa in 1877, the Cape Colony attempted to disarm all Africans, including allies of the British.
   A war erupted when the Basotho refused to surrender their firearms. Skilled in the use of guns, horses, and guerrilla tactics, the Basotho gave as good as they got against the Cape Colony’s poorly trained constabulary forces. Britain resumed direct responsibility and the “Gun War” ended in negotiations with the Basotho keeping their arms. After 1884, Basutoland was governed by indirect rule, and, in1910, a Basutoland council of 99 appointed Basothos was officially established as an advisory council.
   See also <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Sanders, Peter. Moshoeshoe, Chief of the Sotho. London: Heinemann, 1975.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Basutoland — • A mountainous district of South Africa, bounded on the north and west by the Orange River Colony, on the easy by Natal, and on the south by Cape Colony Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Basutoland     Basutoland …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Basutoland — V. Lesotho …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Basutoland — Basutoland,   früheres britisches Protektorat im südlichen Afrika, Lesotho …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Basutoland — [bə so͞ot′ō land΄] former name for LESOTHO …   English World dictionary

  • Basutoland — Muso oa Lesotho (Sesotho) Kingdom of Lesotho (Englisch) Königreich Lesotho …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basutoland — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Territory of Basutoland common name = Territory of Basutoland| continent = Africa region = country = era = status = Colony status text= empire = British Empire government type =… …   Wikipedia

  • Basutoland — Territoire du Basutoland Territory of Basutoland (en) 1884 – 1966 Hymne : God Save the Queen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Basutoland — geographical name see Lesotho …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Basutoland — /beuh sooh tooh land , toh /, n. former name of Lesotho. * * * …   Universalium

  • Basutoland — noun A former country in southern Africa, the former name of Lesotho …   Wiktionary

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