Bashi-Bazouks
   Irregular Ottoman cavalrymen noted for their horsemanship, lack of discipline, and cruelty. Sometimes referred to as the “Spahis of the Orient,” they were usually Albanians, Circassians, or Kurds. The Anglo-French forces sought to employ them during the Crimean War but had little success in developing military discipline among them. In 1876, bashi-bazouks massacred 12,000 Christians in putting down a revolt against Ottoman rule. The “Bulgarian atrocities” provoked international outrage, particularly among pan-Slavists in Russia and in Britain in the attacks of William Gladstone against the government of Benjamin Disraeli for its support of Turkey.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
   FURTHER READING:
    Goodwin, Jason. Lords of the Horizons: A History of the Ottoman Empire. London: Chatto & Windus, 1998.
   CARL CAVANAGH HODGE

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bashi-bazouks — Bachi bouzouk Bachi bouzouk Jean Léon Gérôme (1869) Un bachi bouzouk ou bachibouzouk est un cavalier mercenaire de l armée de l Empire ottoman, avec un armement non standardisé et en pratique très léger, et une discipline faible. Ils… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BASHI-BAZOUKS` —    irregular, undisciplined troops in the pay of the Sultan; rendered themselves odious by their brutality in the Bulgarian atrocities of 1876, as well as, more or less, in the time of the Crimean war …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) — Plevna Monument near the walls of Kitai gorod …   Wikipedia

  • Hristo Botev — Infobox Writer name = Христо Ботев Hristo Botev imagesize = 150px caption = Bulgarian revolutionary and poet pseudonym = birthdate = birth date|1848|1|6|mf=y birthplace = Kalofer, Ottoman Empire deathdate = death date and age|1876|6|2|1848|1|6… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad Ali's seizure of power — The process of Muhammad Ali s seizure of power in Egypt was a long three way civil war between the Ottoman Turks, Egyptian Mamluks, and Albanian mercenaries. It ended in victory for the Albanians led by Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769 1849). The war… …   Wikipedia

  • Batak massacre — Coordinates: 41°56′33″N 24°13′8″E / 41.9425°N 24.21889°E / 41.9425; 24.21889 …   Wikipedia

  • Pomaks — Infobox Ethnic group group=Pomaks Помаци (българи мюсюлмани) poptime=500,000 est. (2002) [K. Gözler, [http://www.anayasa.gen.tr/pomaks draganova.htm Les villages Pomaks de Lofça] , (2002)] popplace=Flagicon|Bulgaria Bulgaria: 150 ndash;200,000 [A …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgarian Horrors — Atrocities committed by the Ottoman empire in subduing the Bulgarian rebellion of 1876. The name was used by William E. Gladstone in his pamphlet publicizing the incident. About 15,000 persons were reportedly massacred at Philippopolis (now… …   Universalium

  • Fall of Constantinople — This article is about the 1453 siege. For earlier attacks on the city, see List of sieges of Constantinople. Conquest of Constantinople Part of the Byzantine–Ottoman Wars and Ottoman wars in Europe …   Wikipedia

  • William Olpherts — General Sir William Olpherts VC GCB (8 March 1822 – 30 April 1902) was born in Dartrey, County Armagh, and was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”